IECHost: warp disk image write in progress

Today I had a chance, and the motivation, to write the critical part of the warp disk image write process in IECHost. Essentially this part of the code I worked at transfers data to the disk over the IEC bus using a warp speed protocol.

I had written the equivalent code to receive from the disk at warp speed and just as before it is critical code I am talking about: it needs to be pretty much cycle exact. I expect I might have to dig out the logic analyser later this week for some measurements and tuning of the code, but I am pretty much confident things are looking good.

Stay tuned 🙂

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IECHost: warp sector send completed

I finally managed to finish the option to warp transfer the GCR image of a single chosen sector from a 1541 floppy drive to IECHost. This feature is going to be used in order to retry sectors that present errors during the first pass of the disk imaging process.
In fact, both Ziggy72 and myself felt the need for a sector retry mechanism in order to avoid having to re-image a whole disk when there is a recoverable error for just a handful sectors.

I still have to think of a sensible way to use this new facility in IECHost from within the PC client: At a first thought I reckon that if more than 10 sectors have errors during the first pass, no retry should be made. Otherwise each sector with an error should be tried again once or maybe twice.

Those with some experience using WarpCopy64, or even Graham himself, would be able to provide very valuable feedback on the ideal strategy to use 🙂

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IECHost: disk write/modify options ready

After a tiny but necessary update on the firmware side, I was able to finish off the PRG import feature for IECHost and complete the rest of the disk write/modify options I had planned 🙂

Here’ a video to recap what extra options are now available:

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IECHost: Disk Validation command ready

Suppose you were attempting to write a file to a Commodore DOS disk but the operation failed, e.g. because there was not enough space on the disk to start with, or because there was an outage while the file was being saved, or a bug within the save routine ruined the process.
How do you recover from that? Well, you might try and validate the disk, which will remove dirty files from the directory listing and deallocate all of the sectors associated with them. This is a potentially destructive process, e.g. in case of accidentally cross-linked sectors and should not be attempted before a disk backup has been made. However, if you know exactly what happened to the disk (e.g. disk full while saving a file), validating the disk might be a safer option, although I would always recommend making a backup.

That said, I have now implemented the “Validate disk” option in my IECHost client.

IECHost: disk validation completed by Luigi Di Fraia

IECHost: disk validation completed

Prior to executing it, users are requested to confirm their intentions, just to be on the safe side.

IECHost: user confirmation is necessary before disk contents are altered by Luigi Di Fraia

IECHost: user confirmation is necessary before disk contents are altered

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IECHost: write features being worked at

As I commented previously, I finished the work required on the IECHost firmware to execute DOS commands.
This means I can now roll out options such as Delete file, Validate and Format disk, all of which are useful to get out of trouble should things go wrong.

IECHost: write options being worked at by Luigi Di Fraia

IECHost: write options being worked at

As the counterpart is available in the IECHost firmware I will also allow users to issue custom commands through the command channel, a bit like it was done back in the day with something along these lines:

OPEN 15,8,15,"<command>":CLOSE15

An extended example could be renaming a file:

OPEN 15,8,15

The fun is just about to begin! Stay tuned!

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IECHost: PRG import in the making

In the evening today I implemented the PRG import feature in IECHost: I can now copy data from a PC to a real disk.
However, the work on this is not yet finished as I’ve been copying a chunk of memory initialised to a sample program, instead of a user-picked PRG file, for simplicity.

In order to further troubleshoot new features that write back to disk, I felt compelled to step back a bit and add some useful features before finishing the PRG import one.

In particular I added a quite flexible interface to IECHost that enables users to send commands to serial devices through the command channel. On my first attempt I roughly implemented the equivalent of:

OPEN 15,8,15,"<command>"

In case you have not tried the above before in direct mode, it might surprise you that control is returned to the BASIC interpreter immediately while the disk is busy executing <command>, which might take a while if e.g. the command is about formatting a disk.

However, if you issue a CLOSE command while the disk is busy, you might appreciate the fact that control is not returned to the BASIC interpreter until the disk command completes:


This is due to the fact that a serial device on the IEC bus (e.g. a printer or floppy drive) might be busy performing a long job. In that case it will take a while to signal it’s ready to receive when the IEC host signals it’s ready to send by releasing the clock line. There’s no time limit when it comes to waiting for a device to become ready: that’s why CLOSE will not return to the BASIC interpreter until that happens.


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IECHost: Maintenance release before further features are added

Over the weekend I worked at a maintenance release of my IECHost GUI client, addressing an issue I was having with data exchange upon creating the USB communication thread under Windows 10.
Before I go on and start adding a file import feature to save PRG files back to physical disks connected to IECHost, I thought to provide an update of where I am at the moment.

Here’s a video that hopefully covers just that!

Stay tuned!

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